Glossary Of Terms
The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by sources or removals by sinks that is additional to any that would occur in the absence of the CDM project activity.
Marrakesh Accords state that a project activity is additional if anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are reduced below those that would have occurred in the absence of the CDM project.
The direct human-induced conversion of land that has not been forested for a period of at least 50 years to forested land through planting, seeding and/or the human-induced promotion of natural seed sources.
Annex 1 countries
Countries that have committed to emissions restraints under Article 4.2 (a) and (b) of the UNFCCC as listed in Annex 1 of the UNFCCC (generally developed countries and countries undergoing the process of transition to a market economy).
The scenario that reasonably represents the anthropogenic emissions by courses of greenhouse gases that would occur in the absence of the proposed project activity.
Clean Development Mechanism - flexible mechanism under Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol with the purpose to:
Certified Emission Reduction - a unit issued under the CDM mechanism pursuant to Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol and all other relevant requirements and which is equal to 1 metric ton of CO2.
Designated National Authority - the national authority for CDM designated by party to the Protocol.
Designated Operational Entity - an independent legal entity accredited by CDM executive board that can validate proposed CDM projects and verify and certify greenhouse gas emission reductions.
The period between 2008 and 2012 during which Annex 1 period countries are required to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases to the levels established in the Kyoto Protocol.
A reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases or unit of sequestered greenhouse gases equivalent to one metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent.
One or more of the six gases listed in Annex A to the Kyoto Protocol which trap heat when released into the atmosphere being:
Joint Implementation mechanism - flexible mechanism under Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol with the purpose of:
The protocol to the UNFCCC signed at the third COP meeting, establishing binding Annex 1 greenhouse gas emission reduction targets of 5.2% below 1990 levels by 2008 - 2012. For the Kyoto Protocol to enter into force, it must be ratified by 55 parties representing 55% of industrial nations' greenhouse gas emissions.
The net change of anthropogenic emissions by sources of greenhouse gases that occurs outside the project boundary and is measurable and attributable to the CDM project activity.
Letter of approval
A letter issued by the DNA of the host country to a CDM project confirming that the project, as proposed, will assist the host country to achieve its goals of sustainable development.
The document to be prepared and submitted by project document participants to an accredited DOE for validation of a proposed project activity.
The direct human-induced conversion of non-forested land to forested land through planting, seeding and/or the human-induced promotion of natural seed sources, on land that was forested but that has been converted to non-forested land. Sequestration removal of carbon from the atmosphere by carbon sinks such as forests.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in May 1992.
A Clean Development Mechanism project developed and implemented by a developing country (non-Annex 1 party) and/or entity.
A GHG reduction from a CDM project which has been reduction independently verified by an entity such as a Designated Operational Entity.